EFAD FACT SHEET was developed by the European Specialist Dietetic Network for Public Health (ESDN-PH) in March 2018
What is food literacy?
Based on Health Literacy concept “…the degree to which individuals have
the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information
and services needed to make appropriate health decisions” (1), Food
Literacy can be considered as a set of inter-related competencies, skills
and abilities regarding a functional, relational and critical level: to know,
to do, to sense, to want, to be.
Food Literacy includes a set of knowledge, skills and attitudes
concentrated into six domains: skills and behaviours (physical actions or
abilities involving food), food/health choices (actions associated with
informed choices around food use), culture (societal aspect of food),
knowledge (ability to understand and seek information about food),
emotions (the influence of attitudes and motivation), and food systems
(the ability to understand the complexity of food system) (2).
The most cited definition (3) describes Food Literacy as “…the scaffolding
that empowers individuals, households, communities or nations to
protect diet quality through change and strengthen dietary resilience over
time. It is composed of a collection of inter-related knowledge, skills and
behaviours required to plan, manage, select, prepare and eat food to
meet needs and determine intake”. These elements represent the key
factors – not at all easy and simple to translate in actions in everyday life –
that pragmatically influence eating habits and, consequently, health and
[See the link below to download the Fact Sheet]